In recent years the relations between the Arab League and the European Union have not been particularly close. It resulted from both the limited activity of the League, as well as other directions of foreign policy implemented by the EU. Changes that have taken place in the international balance of power (e.a. the Arab’s Spring, increased Chinese interest in Arab states) should be factors prompting the European Union to undertake a more intensive dialogue with the Arab League. Both the EU and the Arab League have many common interests, and the refugee problem seems to be one of the most important. From the EU’s point of view, refugees are a serious social, economic and political problem as well as an obstacle to sustainable development for the member states of the Arab League.